"The Marshmallow Test" - The Effects of Willpower

The well-known "Marshmallow Test" was more than forty years ago and caused a great stir back then. The experiment was carried out by the American personality psychologist and his research team, which dealt with topics of self-regulation and willpower. Today, the results of the marshmallow test are among the most important findings in psychology. The test proceeds as follows: A child sits at a table with a marshmallow placed in front of him. He or she can choose to eat it right away or wait a little and then get a second one. Some children managed to be patient, others couldn't resist the sugary candy. 
Natureich Willenskraft trainieren

More confidence and resilience

It was not until years after the experiment that Mischel discovered new findings. Children who were able to influence their perception, to control their self-control and thus have the patience to wait, managed to control themselves better in adulthood. Compared to the children who reached for the treat within a very short time, they were able to demonstrate a better developed self-confidence. A higher level of social competence and resistance to stress were also shown to be beneficial. The ability to postpone rewards was also clearly evident in the way the children lived their lives.

In his findings, Mischel states that willpower is considered a key competence and is causally related to emotional competence. From this he concludes that self-control is of fundamental importance for socially adapted action. By controlling our perception, we also improve our self-control, but the right mediocrity is of great importance here. Too much as well as too little control can be challenging. But where are the sources of a better willpower? Can this be learned or is it even genetically determined? Mischel answers these questions with the fact that people are definitely capable of adopting various strategies for improving self-control.

Kinder lernen

There is always the possibility of change 

"" The part of the brain that is in front, directly behind the forehead. This is where the imagination, the impulse control and the ability to imagine the future sit. I call this the Cool System. Unlike the Hot System, it is not reflexive, but reflective. It allows us to solve problems differently instead of just reacting reflexively. ""
This motivating statement makes it clear that the brain architecture is neither predetermined by the development process in the womb nor by the genetic information. Changes are therefore possible at any time.
In summary, it can be said that we not only react reflexively to external stimuli, but can also deal with them in different ways. How consciously we control our perception is up to us and can be expanded at any time. It takes practice and patience to improve self-control. 

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